Exploration of the relationship between MS and the potential improved MS symptoms experienced during breastfeeding.
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) also known as ‘punch-drunk’ or dementia pugilistica is a form of a neurodegenerative disease which is linked to traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by repeated blows to the head mainly in contact sports players. The issue is specifically seen in boxing and football, nevertheless it is also linked to physical abuse cases and military personnel for the same reason, which is repetitive brain trauma with or without concussions. The term ‘punch-drunk’ was first introduced by Martland in 1928 associating it with boxing. His work was extended by other scientists in later years who referred to it as dementia pugilistica as it was negatively affecting cognitive abilities of patients and severely impacting their day to day lives.
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Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in football players and boxers is a topic of huge importance as it has the potential to affect so many people. In Ireland, there are 221, 500 registered football players according to the Football Association of Ireland (FAI) (strategy.fai.ie, n.d.). There are 16,500 members of the Irish Athletic Boxing Association (IABA) according to their website (Irish Athletic Boxing Association, n.d.). It is therefore integral to improve our understanding of CTE in relation to these sports. Improving our understanding may lead to preventative and therapeutic approaches to CTE and allow people to continue playing the sports that they love without fear.
What is Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?